jaw tumors and cysts may appear as swelling in the jaws, which may be asymptomatic. If present, they may enlarge and can produce an aching sensation and/or swelling in the area. In certain areas, the swelling can apply pressure to nerves that can produce numbness, tingling or other sensations. There are many different types of cysts and tumors that occur in the head and neck.
Depending on the location and type of jaw tumor or jaw cyst, treatment can range from “watchful waiting” to removal.
How is this dental diagnosis established?
The jaw tumor or jaw cyst is in the bone, and produces bony changes, these are generally evident on X-ray images (radiographs) or Cone Beam CT scans (if performed). Sometimes the radiograph provides the first sign of a cyst or tumor, and sometimes it is used to more closely examine a swelling that has been noticed by the patient and reported to the oral surgeon.
The surgeon may perform a biopsy procedure, which involves surgically harvesting cells from the suspected cyst or tumor and submitting the tissue to a pathology laboratory for microscopic evaluation and diagnosis of cell type.
Treatment will depend on whether your tumor or cyst is benign or malignant. Our oral and maxillofacial surgeons offer the full range of surgical techniques for pathologies of the jaw that aim to remove the tumor or cyst.